INTRODUCTION: This research was conducted to determine the level of health fatalism and health literacy in patients with heart failure and to examine the relationship between them.
METHODS: The population of the research consisted of patients with heart failure who applied to the cardiology clinic and outpatient clinic between February and December 2021. The sample consisted of 210 patients who met the research criteria between the specified dates. The data were collected face-to-face using the Patient Introductory Information Form, Religious Health Fatalism Scale" and "Health Literacy Scale". Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis.
RESULTS: The mean score of religious health fatalism was 57.19±12.38 and the mean score of health literacy was 70.49±14.27. It was determined that there was a negative relationship between religious health fatalism and health literacy of patients with heart failure at p<0.01 level and this relationship was statistically moderate. As a result of the regression analysis, it was found that religious health fatalism was a statistically significant and negative predictor of health literacy.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: It was concluded that patients had high religious fatalism and poor health literacy. In addition, it was determined that health literacy of heart failure patients decreased as religious health fatalism increased.