ISSN 1301 - 0883 | E-ISSN: 2687-5101
Eastern Journal of Medicine
Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of extract of Vernonia amygdalina [Eastern J Med]
Eastern J Med. 2009; 14(1): 20-22

Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of extract of Vernonia amygdalina

Udeme O. Georgewill1, Owunari A. Georgewill1

The anti-inflammatory activity of the extract of Vernonia amygdalina was investigated. Inflammatory response was induced by topical application of croton oil dissolved in suitable vehicle on the rat ear. After 6 hrs, cutting out the ear quantitated the response. The cut ear is weighed and the increase in weight relative to controls evaluated. Extract of V.amygdalina when co-applied with croton oil to the rat ear produced a reduction in the inflammatory response produced when croton oil alone was applied to the rat ear. The extract produced 67.10 + 2% reduction of the inflammatory response produced by croton oil alone, this was however lower than the 71.1 + 2% reduction of the inflammatory response produced by acetyl salicylic acid. This finding suggests that extract of V. amygdalina exhibits anti-inflammatory activity and may explain the usefulness of the leaves of this plant in the treatment of inflammatory disease conditions by traditional healers.

Keywords: Inflammatory response, croton oil, acetyl salicylic acid, Vernonia amygdali

Udeme O. Georgewill, Owunari A. Georgewill. Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of extract of Vernonia amygdalina. Eastern J Med. 2009; 14(1): 20-22
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