INTRODUCTION: Postoperative surgical site infection still constitute a major concern in spinal surgery and related with poor outcome. We aimed to investigate the effect of povidone-iodine (PVP-I) on skin colonization in lumbar disc herniation (LDH) surgery.
METHODS: Adult patients scheduled for LDH surgery were included in the study. Three skin swab cultures were taken when lying on the operating table (culture 1), after PVP-I application (culture 2), and at the end of the operation (culture 3). The effect of PVP-I and other independent predictors on skin culture was analyzed.
RESULTS: A total of 62 [28 (45%) female, mean age 47±13 years] patients were included. Only male sex and taking shower before the surgery have been found to be independent factors for affecting culture 1 growth while adjusted to age, body mass index, smoking, preoperative hospital stay, and surgery site shaving [OR (95% CI): 7.8 (1.4-41.9), p=0.016; OR (95% CI): 0.34 (0.003-0.35), p=0.005]. After PVP-I, the growth frequency of culture 2 decreased significantly compared to culture 1 [8 (13%) vs. 43 (70%), p<0.001]. However, culture 3 positivity rate was similar to culture 2 (p=0.219).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: In preoperative sterilization of lumbar disc surgery, PVP-I significantly reduces skin colonization both immediately after application and at the end of the operation.