ISSN 1301 - 0883 / E-ISSN 1309 - 3886

  Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Following Unintentional Injuries in Children [Eastern J Med]
Eastern J Med. 2019; 24(2): 182-189 | DOI: 10.5505/ejm.2019.10337  

Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Following Unintentional Injuries in Children

mehmet iz1, Veysi Ceri2, MEHMET EMIN LAYIK3, fatma betül ay4
1Şanlıurfa Mehmet Akif İnan Training and Research Hospital Department of Emergency Medicine, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
2Marmara University, Pendik Training and Research Hospital Department of child and adolescent psychiatry, İstanbul, Turkey
3Van Yüzüncü yıl University Medical Education and Informatic Department, Van, Turkey
4Şanlıurfa Haliliye Ulubatlı Family Medical Center, Şanlıurfa, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma and stressor-related disorder that might have prominent negative effects on the social and academic life of children. Unintentional injuries are the leading reason for physical disability and death during childhood. We aimed to investigate PTSD symptoms in children withunintentional injuries who weretreated in hospital
METHODS: Children who were injured due to various causes and treated in emergency servicewere retrospectively evaluated for PTSD symptoms. The PTSD symptoms were assessed by the revised Children’s Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-8), and The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children.
RESULTS: The average age of the study sample consisting of fifty-eight male and thirty-one female children (total 89) was found to be 13.5 + 2.9. On average, 5.2 + 3.4 months had passed after the event. The most common cause of injury was traffic accidents (37.1%) and it was followed by falling from high (33.7%), burn (25.8%), and sharp object injury (2.2%). PTSD was prevalent as 24.7% according to K-SADSevaluation. PTSD rates were observed to vary according to the nature of the event that caused the injury.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The findings of our study show that more than one-third of the children, who were hospitalized due to unintentional injuries, developed severe PTSD symptoms. Children who treated for unintentional injuries in emergency services should be referred for psychiatric evaluation.

Keywords: Accident, PTSD, Child, Injury, Trauma

mehmet iz, Veysi Ceri, MEHMET EMIN LAYIK, fatma betül ay. Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Following Unintentional Injuries in Children. Eastern J Med. 2019; 24(2): 182-189

Corresponding Author: Veysi Ceri, Türkiye

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