ISSN 1301 - 0883 / E-ISSN 1309 - 3886
 
 








  Investigation of Brucella Seroprevalence in Human and Livestocks in Igdır, Turkey [Eastern J Med]
Eastern J Med. 2016; 21(3): 107-112 | DOI: 10.5505/ejm.2016.02886  

Investigation of Brucella Seroprevalence in Human and Livestocks in Igdır, Turkey

Gülhan Bora1, Yasemin Akkoyunlu2, Mehmet Berköz3, Güneş Açıkgöz4, Mustafa Berktaş5, Fikret Altındağ6, Aydoğan Bora1
1Yuzuncu Yıl University, Faculty Of Pharmacy, Department Of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Van, Turkey
2Bezmialem Vakıf University, Faculty Of Medicine, Department Of Infectious Diseases And Clinical
3Mustafa Kemal University, Vocational School Of Health Services, Hatay, Turkey
4Yuzuncu Yıl University, Faculty Of Pharmacy, Department Of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Van, Turkey
5Yuzuncu Yıl University, Faculty Of Medicine, Department Of Microbiology, Van, Turkey
6Igdır University, Medical Technology Vocational Training School, Department Of Clinical Microbiology, Igdır,

INTRODUCTION: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease of worldwide and still remains endemic in some developing countries, especially in Turkey. Milk is the main food product serving as a vector for Brucella. In this study we aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of human and animal brucellosis.
METHODS: The study group consisted of 358 subjects who had high risk occupations of animal breeder and farmer. The test results were interpreted and titers equal or in excess of 1/40 were considered significant. 189 farm animals were incorporated to our research. Among these animals, 104 of them were sheep and goat and 85 of them were cattle. The Brucellosis Milk Ring Test (BRT) was used to test raw milk samples collected the selected herds in the study area.
RESULTS: The seroprevalence of human brucellosis was 6.7%. Seroprevalence of animal brucellosis was found as 22.75 % in livestocks. This study is important for being the first study in recent years that demonstrates the Brucella seropositivity rates in Iğdır Province
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This high seropositivity in our region may depend on the high rates of animal brucellosis; those of which were inadequate under control by veterinary and by vaccination and people who consuming the milk by without boiling.

Keywords: Brucellosis, Seroprevalence, Vaccination, Livestocks


Gülhan Bora, Yasemin Akkoyunlu, Mehmet Berköz, Güneş Açıkgöz, Mustafa Berktaş, Fikret Altındağ, Aydoğan Bora. Investigation of Brucella Seroprevalence in Human and Livestocks in Igdır, Turkey. Eastern J Med. 2016; 21(3): 107-112

Corresponding Author: Gülhan Bora, Türkiye


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