ISSN 1301 - 0883 | E-ISSN: 2687-5101
Eastern Journal of Medicine
Interobserver reproducibility of intracranial anatomy assessment during second trimester sonographic scan [Eastern J Med]
Eastern J Med. 2021; 26(4): 511-514 | DOI: 10.5505/ejm.2021.83788

Interobserver reproducibility of intracranial anatomy assessment during second trimester sonographic scan

Erkan Kalafat1, Tuncay Yüce2, batuhan aslan3, Esra Ozkavukcu4, Acar Koc3, Feride Söylemez3
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey
2Private Clinic, Gaziantep, Turkey
3Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara, TURKEY
4Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ankara, TURKEY

INTRODUCTION: Objective: To evaluate the reproducibility of mid-trimester intracranial anatomy assessment
METHODS: Women undergoing mid-trimester scan (between 18th to 25th gestational weeks) for fetal anatomy assessment were included in the study. Measurements of lateral ventricle (LV), cisterna magna (CM) and transverse cerebellar diameter (TCD) were obtained for reproducibility analyses. Inter-observer reproducibility analysis was made with correlation coefficients.
RESULTS: A total of 162 women were included in the analysis while one woman was excluded from the study due to diagnosis of vermian agenesis. Correlation coefficient (CC) of cisterna magna measurements have shown weak to moderate interclass correlation (r=0.28, P=0.001). Measurements of lateral ventricle have shown moderate to strong interclass correlation (r=0.73, P<0.0001). Transverse cerebellar diameter measurements have shown the best interclass correlation (r=0.88, respectively P<0.0001). Mean difference between different observers were -0.4 mm (95% CI: -3.0 to 2.1 mm), 0.7mm (95% CI: -1.0 to 2.5 mm) and 0.53 mm (95% CI: -2.5 to 3.6 mm) for measurements of cerebellum, lateral ventricle and cisterna magna, respectively. When grouped according to BMI (Over 30 kg/m2 and lower than 25 kg/m2) and presentation (cephalic and breech), there were no differences between groups regarding the prevalence of an absolute difference greater than 1 mm between paired measurements by different observers.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Measurements of TCD, LV and CM during mid-trimester scan have good interobserver reliability with the exception of CM measurements. Methods used for measuring these structures have shown good consistency between different BMI categories and different fetal presentations during ultrasound scans.

Keywords: reliability, scan, rescan, lateral ventricle, atrium, cisterna magna, routine, correlation, agreement

Erkan Kalafat, Tuncay Yüce, batuhan aslan, Esra Ozkavukcu, Acar Koc, Feride Söylemez. Interobserver reproducibility of intracranial anatomy assessment during second trimester sonographic scan. Eastern J Med. 2021; 26(4): 511-514

Corresponding Author: Erkan Kalafat, Türkiye
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