INTRODUCTION: The patients presenting with dyspeptic complaints constitute a significant rate among all patients. We investigated the endoscopic findings and the presence of helicobacter pylori (HP) in patients who presented to the emergency department with dyspeptic complaints.
METHODS: Patients, who presented to the emergency department of our hospital with dyspeptic complaints and underwent an endoscopic examination of the upper gastrointestinal system between February/2018 and September/2019, were included in the study. The demographic characteristics of the patients, the treatments they were administered, and the data on smoking and alcohol consumption were documented. Endoscopic findings and histopathological data of the patients were documented. It was examined whether there was a statistical difference between the diabetic and non-diabetic groups.
RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were included in the study. The DM group consisted of 50 patients in total, 30(60%) female; and the non-DM group consisted of 50 patients in total, 28(56%) female. The most common endoscopic finding in both groups was pangastritis. According to the comparison made between the groups in terms of endoscopic findings; the laxity of the LES was found in the non-DM group with a statistically higher rate (p=0.027). However, other endoscopic findings and the presence of HP were similar in both groups (p>0.05).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: While pangastritis was frequently present in patients presenting with dyspepsia in the emergency department, there was no significant difference between diabetic and non-diabetic groups in terms of endoscopic findings and presence of HP.