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A case of primary Sjögren’s syndrome with polyserositis [Eastern J Med]
Eastern J Med. 2014; 19(1): 54-57

A case of primary Sjögren’s syndrome with polyserositis

Masashi Ohe1, Satoshi Hashino2, Kenzo Ohara3
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2
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Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease with glandular and extraglandular manifestations. In terms of pulmonary and cardiac involvement, pleural and pericardial effusion are rare. Moreover, pleural effusion accompanied by pericardial effusion is very rare. We report a case of primary SS (pSS) presenting as pleural effusion, pericardial effusion and ascites. A 58-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 2-week history of dyspnea. Bilateral pleural effusion, pericardial effusion and ascites were detected. Primary SS was diagnosed, based on xerophthalmia, xerostomia, positive results for the Shirmer test and anti-SS-A antibody, and abnormal salivary gland sialography. Pleural and pericardial effusions were attributed to autoimmunological inflammation and ascites was thought to be due to hyperinflammation-induced severe hypoalbuminemia. Treatment with high-dose corticosteroid was proved successful.

Keywords: Sjögren’s syndrome, pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, ascites, polyserositis


Masashi Ohe, Satoshi Hashino, Kenzo Ohara. A case of primary Sjögren’s syndrome with polyserositis. Eastern J Med. 2014; 19(1): 54-57


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