ISSN 1301 - 0883 / E-ISSN 1309 - 3886
 
 








  Preoperative Factors Associated with the Need for the Morcellation in Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy [Eastern J Med]
Eastern J Med. 2020; 25(2): 260-266 | DOI: 10.5505/ejm.2020.47135  

Preoperative Factors Associated with the Need for the Morcellation in Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

Huseyin Kiyak1, ONUR KARAASLAN2, Kerem Doga Seckin1, Tolga Karacan3, Eser Sefik Ozyurek3, Gulseren Yilmaz4, berk bulut5
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Teaching and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Yuzuncu Yıl, Van, Turkey
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Bagcilar Teaching and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
4Department of Anesthesiology & Reanimation, University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Teaching and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Istinye, Ulus Liv Hospital Istanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Removal of uterus during laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) is occasionally challenging and therefore sometimes requires morcellation. Morcellation techniques for hysterectomy can spread the cancer cells which were presumed benign preoperatively in to the abdomen or pelvis. The present study aimed to identify the demographic and the clinical factors associated with the need for morcellation in patients undergoing LH.
METHODS: A total of 153 patients who underwent LH for presumed benign causes were enrolled in this retrospective study. Subjects were divided into two groups according to the need for the morcellation during the LH: Morcellation group and intact vaginal removal (IVR) group (it delivered total of uterine specimen). The two groups were compared with respect to demographic and clinical characteristics.
RESULTS: The frequency of the postmenopausal women was significantly higher in the morcellation group than the IVR group(p = 0.005). Preoperative uterus width(p < 0.001) and postoperative Uterus weight(p < 0.001) were significantly higher in the morcellation group compared to that of the IVR group. Uterine weight(OR: 1.020, 95 % CI: 1.008-1.031, p = 0.001) and menopause (OR: 2.571,95 % CI: 1.328-4.980, p < 0.001) were predictive for the need of morcellation. A cut-off value of 287.5 gram was able to predict the need for morcellation with 87% sensitivity and 71 % specificity.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that uterine weight and presence of the menopause are predictive for the need of morcellation at the time of the total LH. These factors should be considered in preoperative planning and used to further guide surgeons in providing LH.

Keywords: Total laparoscopic hysterectomy, Morcellation, uterine weight


Huseyin Kiyak, ONUR KARAASLAN, Kerem Doga Seckin, Tolga Karacan, Eser Sefik Ozyurek, Gulseren Yilmaz, berk bulut. Preoperative Factors Associated with the Need for the Morcellation in Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy. Eastern J Med. 2020; 25(2): 260-266

Corresponding Author: ONUR KARAASLAN, Türkiye


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