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Pathogenesis & Laboratory approach to Thrombophilia [Eastern J Med]
Eastern J Med. 2009; 14(2): 29-35

Pathogenesis & Laboratory approach to Thrombophilia

Renu Saxena1, Monica Sharma1

Thrombophilia is a term used for any hypercoagulable state, either inherited or acquired. The former is considered after excluding acquired predisposing causes like trauma, immobility, Dirseminated inta vascular cuagulation, pregnancy and anitphospholipid syndrome etc. It frequently results from interplay of genetic and acquired factors. An individual’s risk for DVT would be determined by the combination of his or her baseline propensity for thrombosis and the magnitude of the acute insult. Inherited hypercoagulable states may be secondary to deficiency of natural clotting inhibitors or elevated procoagulants or increased fibrinolytic factors . Amongst these, activated protein C resistance, is the commonest underlying cause .Testing for thrombophilia is best performed in stages. Highest-yield assays (screening tests) should be performed first and, if positive, should be followed by appropriate confirmatory tests. Cornerstone of initial treatment is heparin, either unfractionated or low molecular weight, followed by oral anticoagulation.

Keywords: Thrombophillia, ưnherited


Renu Saxena, Monica Sharma. Pathogenesis & Laboratory approach to Thrombophilia. Eastern J Med. 2009; 14(2): 29-35


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